What is Standard 100 by Oeko-Tex?
Oeko-Tex is a special textile product label, that certifies adherence to testing for certain harmful substances and their limit values. There are three criteria under which products are tested:
1. Substances band or with limited use according to legal regulations (phthalates, nickel, azo dyes
2. Substances harmful to health that are not yet regulated by law (pesticides)
3. Different health-friendly parameters (pH value and colour fastness)
Textile materials, semi-finished products at all stages of production and ready-made items are tested, for example raw and dyed fibre, raw and dyed fabric as well as finished products like clothing, home textiles, bed linen, terry cloth items, textile toys and more. Textile products can only be certified according to the Oeko-Tex standard if all components comply with the required criteria (outer fabric, threads, linings, prints as well as buttons, zips and rivets).
Requirements and the range of testing depends on the final purpose of the textile. Accordingly, a distinction is made between four product classes:
Product class I - items for babies and toddlers (up to 3 years of age)
Product class II - items with direct prolonged or large-area skin contact
Product class III - textiles without or with little skin contact
Product class IV - decorative furnishing materials (curtains, table linen, carpets, etc.)
Product class I requirements are more rigorous for potentially harmful substances, and there is an additional test for saliva resistance.
Fabrics with Oeko-Tex standard are characterised by:
* Skin friendly pH value
* Tests show that they do not contain any harmful substances
* Colouring agents used to dye the fabric do not contain any toxic substances
* Saving water and energy by using modern production technology